Article From "Pinehurst Outlook" - February 11, 1939 - VOL. 43, NO. 6 
Published weekly, January 7 to April 22 by Pinehurst Publications

(Note: Spelling and Grammar is exactly as it was in the original 1939 publication)



Pinehurst Plumbers and Heaters Give a Few Tips on Heat, Just in Case . . .

 By Christopher Cain  



Even in Pinehurst where nine times out of ten overcoats are worn for looks rather than protection against the rarely unseasonable weather, where golfers plod their happy way around the courses every day of the year in flimsy sweaters, and lightweight trousers, where nature enthusiasts buzz through the pine scented woods without scarfs,  woolen socks or furlined mittens, there is apt to a wee bit of bite in the air on occasion; just a wee bit of bite that alarmists might conceivably describe as "chilly".
       It is for these alarmists that we are writing this little yarn about plumbing and heating, and it is Ellis Fields, chief of the Plumbing and Heating department of Pinehurst Incorporated, to whom we owe credit for the facts herein gathered and tabulated for the public delectation.
       Ten years ago when men were harder than they are now, Pinehurst got along middling well without a heating department. The only heat that was publicly generated was on the golf courses and generally in the vicinity of untameable roughs or unusually deep sand pits. This heat, suffice it to say, was explosive and undependable. Although it would give undue warmth to a limited spot for a short time, there was no consistency about it at all, and the Corporation, realizing this as well as the fact that Pinehurst should stand ready to supply heating conveniences and services to its residents and guests, decided to haul off and add "Heating" to the sign that bore the word "Plumbing." "Plumbing and Heating" was the way the shingle read, after the painting department got through with it.
       Before that time the duties of this portion of Pinehurst's varied services had been limited to plumbing and sheet metal work and the duties did not overwork the small crew. Slipping into the past of 28 years ago, it is learned that the staff at that time consisted of one workman and his helper. The helper of 1911 is today the manager of the division which now employs from six to twelve workmen, the number depending on the seasonal variation in the various lines of work they do.    Ellis Fields, who was appointed manager of the division a year and a half ago


after serving since  he was just out of knee pants, has watched Pinehurst and what has become his department, grow with each succeeding year.       
       "There were just about half a dozen privately owned houses in 1911," he recalled.
The work of the department, then, was confined almost exclusively to the corporation owned buildings. Since that time a growing percentage of its work has been done on privately owned residences, although, of course, it continues to do the plumbing and sheet metal work for Pinehurst Incorporated.
       The division is kept pretty these days, Mr. Fields said, maintaining the intricate plumbing and heating plants and installing new systems. At the present time the division is completely equipping the R. W. White home on Linden road, now being built with modern plumbing and heating facilities.
A query as to just how the house will be heated was readily answered by Mr. Fields, as he is decidedly interested in keeping the house comfortably fortified against the onslaught of falling temperatures.
       And today, he said, the trend is away from steam and hot air heat. Air conditioned heating is the newest wrinkle in the field. Mr. Fields is a veritable encyclopedia on this subject for, he says, he's studied it pretty thoroughly and he believes that eventually no modern home will be without air conditioning.
       Among the information elicited from him on this subject which might prove of interest to the layman, not interested in how the thing ticks, but rather what the results of its ticking is, is the fact that air conditioning, besides costing no more than ordinary methods of heating and doing the job more efficiently, is also an aid in keeping good health. 
With hot air heating it's practically the same idea except, of course, that you have registers instead of radiators to contend with. It gets uncomfortably warm. Shut off the furnace and pretty soon it gets chilly again, and like it or not, cold air which has been drawn in through the pipes will start sneaking out of the registers and nipping at your ankles.
That's not to say it's a cure-all for the thousand and one ailments a human can suffer at one time  


or another but it definitely is a    protection against, for one thing, the all too common cold. This is explained easily. Ordinary steam will throw off warmth from a radiator and so keep the room hot. But when it gets too warm and you turn the furnace off, the radiator will remain hot for awhile and then slowly it will cool. In turn that will make the room cool until, unless you're disgusted and go to bed, set the furnace doing full blast again, reversing the process about the radiator. In that way there is a constantly varying temperature. Even if you have an adjustable thermostat which takes care of the furnace, opening and shutting the drafts automatically, the problem of the radiator is still unsolved.
But with an air conditioning system in the house its a different matter, said Mr. Fields. "It gives the most satisfactory heat - of that there is no question." He said.
       He went on to explain why this is so. An automatic thermostat regulates the furnace from any room in the house and maintains a set temperature - whatever you want it to be. When the room temperature gets to that set point the fan which blows the warm air up through the pipes automatically stops. And then, just at the proper moment, it will start again to distribute the warm air which has been imprisoned. There is no period of falling and rising temperatures. It is always maintained at a set level through some mechanical magic which is a little too complicated for the non-technical mind to grasp. Another feature is the electric clock which is connected to the thermostat. It has an arrangement something like an alarm clock so that while everyone in the house is asleep the house will be kept at a temperature of, say, 60 degrees. But an hour before it is time to get up, it will automatically switch over to the temperature you had set if for the night before when you decided it would be good to wake up and find the house at a temperature of about 70.
       Also, air conditioned heating system keeps the air moist, unlike ordinary methods of heating which quickly absorb all moisture from the room. Six houses in Pinehurst, including his own, have installed this new system since it became practical. Modernity has triumphed again.

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